Ransomware has been in the news again recently. Thousands of computers worldwide have been hit by it, including those owned by hospitals and government offices. Many have been forced to pay the ransom to recover their files. In this article, you’ll read about the different kinds of ransomware that are out there.
Screen Locker Ransomware
The first kind of ransomware would lock users out of their computers by displaying a message that prevented them from logging in. Usually, the message would claim to be from law enforcement, saying that the user visited illegal websites. Users would be forced to pay a “fine” if they wanted to be able to use their computer again.
By 2013, ransomware viruses started actually encrypting a computer’s data to prevent users from accessing it. The virus would gain access to a computer via a malicious file or link. It would quietly encrypt the data over a few days. The hackers would then keep the key until the user pays a ransom. This is the type of ransomware that is mostly seen nowadays. It’s particularly dangerous because, without a backup, there usually is no way of restoring your data.
Macintosh computers have usually been less vulnerable to ransomware viruses. However, they are not invincible. For example, a ransomware virus called KeRanger was distributed last year via an app for Macs called Transmission.
Tech Scam Viruses
While not technically ransomware viruses, these viruses are still annoying. They pop up and give you false warnings that your computer is infected. They then tell you to call a number to rid your devices from the supposed viruses. When you call them, the hackers will then connect to your computer and will only leave you alone if you pay a hefty fee.
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